Hafiz Annor Yaya (Humanitarian Project Manager, UNA-CHAD)

We spoke to Hafiz Annor Annour Yaya, Humanitarian Project Manager at United Nations Association of CHAD, about humanitarian aid in the country.
He talked about the challenges affecting the country and if he could, what he would change about the sector.

How is the humanitarian aid changing in CHAD?

In spite of much effort made by the organisations, donors and government the financial gaps remain enormous. The country hosts a large number of internally displaced persons, due to internal and external conflicts. CHAD has more than 700,000 displaced people, including refugees and returnees from Chad, Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR), Nigeria and Libya.

Due to continued instability in their countries of origin, the prospects of return are not immediate, and new inflows are to be expected. In early 2015, following attacks by Boko-Haram, some 14,000 refugees and thousands of Chadian returnees from Nigeria found refuge in the Lake Chad region, and several thousand IDPs were also reported in the area. Communities hosting population movements, estimated at 597,000 people, are also vulnerable and in need of humanitarian assistance.
What are the major challenges affecting the humanitarian sector?
- Food insecurity and malnutrition
In CHAD, nearly 2.4 million people are food insecure (20% of the population) of whom 428,000 (3.6%) are severely food insecure. The nutritional situation is also alarming, with 350,000 cases of global acute malnutrition expected in 2015 for children aged 6 to 59 months, of whom 97,000 are severely acutely malnourished.
- Recurrent natural disasters affect CHAD, mainly floods and droughts that make populations already living in precariousness even more vulnerable. In 2014, 39% of the population was affected by a shock, of which 15% was due to drought (772,000 people) and 9% to flooding (206,000 people).

If you could change, one thing within the humanitarian aid what would it be?  
- Our organisation contributes to improving the access of women and girls (15-49 years) to reproductive health and rights in the regions of Chad Lake and Oriental language for a change in sexual behaviours.
- Our organization aims to reduce the burden of disease and death in communities affected by the nutritional crisis through the provision of integrated and free health and nutrition services to the most vulnerable population, such as children, pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding. We aim to reduce the risk and spread of the disease among refugee communities and host access to health care provided by the government is limited.
- Finally, our organisation aims to strengthen resilience to mitigate potential shocks related to sudden food insecurity through support for the implementation of allotment gardens, training women on food preparation and the benefits of diversification as well as on food conservation and processing for family consumption and sales with a direct impact on improving household livelihoods and economic resilience in times of crisis.
What are you looking forward to about Aid&Trade 2019?

 - Formulate recommendations to the humanitarian community present at the forum, as well as to donors, to effectively complement existing humanitarian assistance processes to better meet the urgent needs of the local population in the short and long term.
- Propose medium and long-term development paths that extend short-term assistance solutions.

Speak to Hafiz Annor Annour Yaya, at UNA-CHAD United Nations Association of Chad in the NGO Zone at Aid&Trade 2019.


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